INFLUENCE OF IMMEDIATE PRESCHOOL ENVIRONMENT ON CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTATION IN PUBLIC PRESCHOOLS IN MIRANGINE DISTRICT, NYANDARUA COUNTY, KENYA

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The purpose of this study was to investigate influence of immediate preschool
enrolment on curriculum implementation in public preschools in Mirangine district,
Nyandarua County. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. These
included investigation on  parent’s  role in preschool curriculum in Mirangine district
Nyandarua  County. The research also examined the preschool  teacher’s  role in the
curriculum  implementation. Further  the research investigated the role of infrastructure
in the curriculum  implementation. The  study methodology was survey design with a
sample of twenty parents and twenty teachers respondents derived from a population of
1543 parents and 73  teachers, through cluster and simple random sampling  technique.
This gave every preschool teacher and parent equal opportunity of being selected. The
study instruments were  written questionnaires for teacher  respondents, interview
schedule for parent respondents and observational schedule for the  infrastructure. The
instruments were pilot tested to five parents and five teachers which were not used in
the final study. The study established that many parents felt that financial support was
the most  important  contribution  in their children’s  curriculum implementation.  It was
also established that “High cost” preschool parents motivated their children curriculum
implementation more than “low  cost “school  parents. The  curriculum further
established that the major role of the preschool teacher was to enable the child socialize
with  peer. Sharing  of teaching/learning resources enabled children to effectively
socialize with his/her  environment. The  nature, quality  and quantity of the preschool
dictated among others teaching approach/methodology. Group activities were seen to be
quite popular when classrooms had adequate  space. Based  on the findings it is
recommended  that the number of toilets in preschools be increased because young
children are more frequent in toileting than older children and thus need of minimizing
queuing period. The  research further saw need of accompanying children to and from
school. The study  recommends a research be done on academic performance of pupils
(in primary) who have undergone preschool education and those who have not. Further
study should be  done on influence of  period (number of years)  of preschooling on
primary education.

Author: 
FRANCIS GICHUKI WANJAU
Unit: 
COMMTECH

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