THE EFFECTS OF TELEVISION ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR OF PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN IN TIRIKI EAST DIVISION, HAMISI DISTRICT

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This study looked into the effects of television on academic performance and social behaviour of
pre-school children in Tiriki East Division, Hamisi District. Several researches on television
viewer ship have been carried out in developed countries. Here in Kenya pre-school children
have access to television in many places. Thus there was a need for a research of this kind. The
purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of television on academic performance and
social behaviour of pre-school children in Tiriki East Division, Hamisi District. Study objectives
were to determine whether television influenced aggressive behaviour, academic performance
and development of English, Kiswahili and Mother Tongue languages. The study presented a
strong basis for further academic research. It was  limited to those who watched television and
delimited to Tiriki East Division of Hamisi District. The assumption was that the sample
frequently and regularly watched television. Relevant literature on television viewer ship to pre-
school children was rewatched with Bandura’s social learning theory being the theoretical
framework besides a relevant illustrated conceptual framework. The design of the study was
descriptive survey, the target population for the study were public pre-schools in Tiriki East
Division, Hamisi District. Thirty five public pre-schools were used. One hundred and forty pre-
school children, seventy pre-school teachers, seventy pre-school parents and four administrators
that formed the focused group discussions (FGD) were used for the study. Instruments used were
questionnaires, an interview schedule, and an observation guide. Also used were pre-school
teachers records of work, two terms report cards and pupils daily diary. Piloting was done in the
neighbouring Nandi North Division as it shares similar characteristics with Tiriki East Division.
Data was collected using the above instruments by the researcher and trained research assistants.
Data analysis was done with the help of a computer program SPSS for statistical analysis. The
study found that pre-school children modeled aggressive behaviour from television and that
television enhanced academic achievement. It was also found that television influenced English,
Kiswahili and Mother tongue languages of pre-school children in Tiriki East Division, Hamisi
District.  It was concluded that parents and teachers felt proud when academic performance of
pre-school children improved. Pre-school pupils modeled most of what they watched on
television and that language is essential for human communication. The study recommended
further research on effects of television of  pre-school pupils in private schools and academies.

Author: 
AHINDA ARTHUR AVOSA
Unit: 
COMMTECH

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