INFLUENCE OF HEAD TEACHERS’ LEADERSHIP STYLES ON PUPILS’ DISCIPLINE IN PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN LIKONI DIVISION, KENYA

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This study aimed at investigating in influence of head teachers’ leadership styles on pupils’
discipline in public primary schools in Likoni Division, Kenya. The problem of indiscipline in
schools has been widely been reported allover the country. One of the most affected regions in
the Country has been Coastal province. The study had four objectives; To identify common 
types of discipline  problems in public primary schools in Likoni Division,  Kenya, to examine
causes of institutional and background of indiscipline in the schools, to establish the various
leadership style among head teachers of public primary schools in Likoni division and to
determine the extent to which head teachers leadership styles influenced pupils discipline in
public primary schools in Likoni Division. Literature review focused on concept of discipline,
nature of indiscipline in schools, common ways of handling discipline, leadership in schools,
leadership and pupil discipline in the school setting. This study used Macgregor’s Theory X and
Y of Motivation Theory. The target population in the study was public primary school in Likoni
Division in Kenya. According to the Municipal Education Officer there are 21 schools,
consisting of 21 head teachers and 400 teachers. The study used questionnaires and interview to
gather data. The researcher used questionnaires to collect data from respondents. Questionnaires
were carefully designed instruments consisting of questions and statements. The study
established that the most common indiscipline problems in primary school were truancy and
tardiness, absenteeism, drugs abuse, and bullying and fighting. The major causes of indiscipline
were lack of guidance and counseling, drugs abuse and addiction, and peer pressure. The study
concluded that head teachers were not engaging other stakeholders in handling of discipline
matters and also that they were using corporal punishment and expulsion rather than guidance
and counseling to handle discipline matters.  The study made recommendation that the head
teachers should be encouraged to enhance inclusive and participatory leadership style between
various stakeholders’ teachers, pupils and parents. This creates a conducive environment for each
stakeholder’s inputs in a cordial and mutual respect environment without intimidation. Another
recommendation was that head teacher should begin use alternative method for disciplining
pupils like guidance and counseling rather than use of traditional method of discipline like
corporal punishment and expulsion. It was suggested that a study on causes and drug and
manifestation in coast province should be conducted. A study on the relationship between school
discipline and school performance should also be conducted.

Author: 
Ndung’u Grace Wairimu
AttachmentSize
ABSTRACT + COVER PG.pdf16.4 KB

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