INFLUENCE OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING ON STUDENTS’DISCIPLINE IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KABONDO DIVISION,KENYA

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This study set to investigate the influence of guidance and counselling services in
public secondary schools students’ discipline in Kabondo Division, Rachuonyo District. 
The researcher set objectives, which sought to determine the extent to which provision
of guidance and counselling materials, teacher counsellors’ exposure, peer training,
guest speakers and the time allocated to  students counselling influenced students’
discipline in Kabondo Division, Kenya. The researcher used the descriptive survey
design to carry out the research. The respondents for this study were 20 secondary
school principals, 20 teacher counsellors and 144 form 4 students. 
A pilot study was conducted to test the validity and reliability of the instruments. Data
was analyzed using percentages and descriptive analysis. The study findings revealed
that guidance and counselling services were offered in the schools and 82.4% of the
principals considered it important but lacked the necessary material and literature
support. From the literature review it is found that character formation is achieved
through intense formal and informal programmes for guidance and counselling.  It is
through guidance and counselling that students remain disciplined and focused in life.
Collins (2002) indicates that through guidance and counselling students are assisted to
be disciplined and become able to deal with challenges and realities they face in their
academic, social and physical environment.
 The following were the recommendations made .The principals in secondary schools
should put in place guidance and counselling services and provide an office where
privacy is made a priority. This will encourage more students to visit the office.
Guidance and counselling teachers should be well trained on how to carry out their
duties. To have adequate provision of guidance and counselling materials as well as
application of peer counselling, there is need to make proper budgeting for the same in
terms of finances and time respectively. Guest speakers should be invited to provide the
counselling services to the students in areas of concern.
 Since this study was based in Kabondo Division, a predominantly local area, it is
therefore suggested that a replication of this study be carried out in an urban setting. A
study on student discipline in relation to  parent or guardian upbringing should be
carried out. The influence of minimal integration of guidance and counselling in
selected subjects in the curriculum should be researched on. The objective is to curb the
long standing problem of lack of time  to practice guidance and counselling. To
integrate guidance and counselling in the curriculum is to ensure that students move up
the educational ladder with guidance and counselling knowledge.

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