INFLUENCE OF JOB FACTORS ON THE LEVEL OF MOTIVATION OF PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOL HEAD TEACHERS IN NDOLELI DIVISION MERU COUNTY

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This research project investigated the  influence of job factors on the level of
motivation of public primary school head teachers in Ndoleli Division Meru
County. The purpose of the study was to assess the influence of job factors on
the level of motivation of public primary school head teachers in Ndoleli
division  and the study objectives were;  to examine the  level to which  job
factors of remuneration, promotion, recognition, workload, work environment
and job  security  influence the head teacher motivation in public primary
schools.
Literature was reviewed on theories of motivation and job factors that affect
employee’s level of motivation. Theoretical framework was based on
Herzberg’s Motivation Hygiene Theory which postulates that there are certain
factors in an organization that directly motivate employees to worker harder.
Study design was descriptive research method which is appropriate for
behavioural concepts. All the 29 head teachers participated since leaving out
any case from such a small population could have eliminated useful
information. Data was collected using questionnaires and  an  interview
schedule. The instrument used was questionnaire which was validated through
a preliminary pilot study. The  test-retest  technique was used to determine
reliability which gave a coefficient of 0.83 which showed that the instrument
was reliable for data collection. Permit to carry out the research was  sought
from the National Council  for Science and Technology and  reported to the
District Commissioner and District Education Officer Igembe North
respectively. The researcher distributed and collected the questionnaires after
completion and analysis was done using the statistical package for social
sciences.
The research found out that most of the head teachers are not motivated by the
remuneration that they get from the teachers service commission and the
allowances that they are entitled to. They requested a review of the salary
structure and improvement of the current salaries. The study also found out
that most head teachers were not satisfied with the way promotion decisions
were made and requested fairness in the promotion process. Majority of the
head teachers were moderately motivated by the recognition accorded by the
employer.  The study also found out that most head teachers were
overburdened by the work  load that they had and this was  attributed to
understaffing of teachers in primary  schools  which led to head teachers
assuming some of the duties that should be  handled by teachers. The study
revealed that the work environment influences the motivation of primary
school head teachers with 48% moderately satisfied. Also they were slightly
satisfied with the terms of service provided by the employer which ensured
their job security. The teachers demanded increases in funds for free primary
education in order to enable them procure enough learning resources for the
schools.

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Mutwiri Final project.pdf1.1 MB

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