INFLUENCE OF INSTITUTIONAL AND INDIVIDUAL FACTORS ON HEADTEACHERS’ INSTRUCTIONAL SUPERVISION PRACTICES IN PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN NJORO DISTRICT, KENYA

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Instructional supervision related-problems for head teachers of primary schools have been
both turbulent and rapid (Sang, 2009). However, there has been little research on the role of
head teachers as instructional supervisors, which focus on the leadership of primary schools.
In the attempt to improve the education quality more focus should be put on teachers and the
organizational aspects that affect their work at schools.  The study objective sought to
establish whether pupils enrollment, delay in fund disbursement, staffing level , headteacher
administrative experience, age and level of education influence headteacher instructional
supervision practices in public primary schools. The study used  theory of supervisory
practice is designed to improve instruction and the quality of classroom life through the
integration of scientific, artistic, and clinical supervision methods. Sergiovanni (1984) states
theories of practice are ultimately concerned with action taken to improve a present situation
and in our case the beneficiaries would be teachers and students. The  theory is found to be
appropriate in this study as the aim of the study is to provide context for the instructional
supervision practices in the public primary schools. Descriptive survey design was employed
in this study. The target population for the study consisted of all the 73 public primary school
head teachers, deputy headteachers, senior teachers and teachers in Njoro district. There are
584 teachers and 73 head teachers from Njoro district in Nakuru County. The sample size
was 30% of the target population which was 176. The data was analyzed using descriptive
statistics. Descriptive statistics was used to show the frequencies and percentages of each
response. Qualitative data analysis was done simultaneously with data collection. The study
found that pupils’ enrollment influences head teachers’ instructional supervision in public
primary schools in Njoro district. The study revealed that delays in funds disbursement
influence head teachers’ instructional supervision in public primary schools in Njoro district.
The study also found that whether staffing level influence head teachers’ instructional
supervision in public primary schools in Njoro district. The study established that
administrative experience of the head teacher influence instructional supervision in public
primary schools in Njoro district, it was found that education level  of the head teacher
influence instructional supervision in public primary schools in Njoro district, the study
further revealed that age of the head teacher influence instructional supervision in public
primary schools in Njoro district.  The study recommends that there is need to ensure
efficient funds disbursement  as this will help in positively  influencing  head teachers’
instructional supervision in public primary schools and there is need for the ministry of
education to increase number of teacher in  public  primary  school in order to enhance
headteachers’ instructional supervision in public primary schools.

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HILLARY KIPKORIR BORE INFLUENCE OF INSTITUTIONAL AND INDIVIDUAL FACTORS ON HEADTEACHERS.pdf13.33 KB

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