the influence of head teachers’ practices in Management of School Feeding Programme on Primary School Pupils’ Retention in Mbeere South District, Kenya

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of head teachers’
practices in Management of School Feeding Programme on Primary School Pupils’
Retention in Mbeere South District, Kenya. Five research objectives were
formulated to guide the study. The study sought to determine the strategies used by
head teachers to influence pupils’ retention, establish methods they use to mobilize
resources to support School Feeding Programme, determine the extent to which the
programme is influenced by funds from various sources, analyze the challenges
faced by head teachers as they implement the programme and the strategies they
use to ensure that food is kept safely in the store, free from misappropriation by
support staff.
 
The study was guided by Vroom Valence Expectancy theory of motivation where
food was used as an incentive to attract children to school. The study used
descriptive survey design and was conducted on 22 public primary schools in
Mbeere South district. Random sampling was used to  select twenty two head
teachers, eighty eight teachers and three hundred and sixty pupils. Data was
collected using two types of questionnaires and a Focus Group Discussion guide. 
 
The collected data was analyzed using frequencies, percentages and averages. The
statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was  used for generating tables,
figures and diagrams. The findings revealed that proper management of School
Feeding Programme had a big influence of 95 percent on the retention of pupils in
Mbeere South district. Head teachers mobilized resources to supplement what the
Government and Non-Governmental Organizations supplied, addressing the
challenges that they encountered during implementation as well as employing
methods to ensure that food was kept safely in the store. 
 
The researcher recommended that the Government and  all the stakeholders in
education fraternity should support School Feeding  Programme under all cost
because among many other factors, it was rated the  strongest in enhancing
retention in schools. In conclusion, the researcher suggested that a similar study
should be done in other parts of the country on Head teachers’ practices in
management of School Feeding Programme on primary school pupils’ retention in
order to enable generalization of findings.

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