INFLUENCE OF FAMILY BACKGROUND ON PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN’S PERFORMANCEIN ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN ONGATA RONGAI ZONE, KAJIADO NORTH DISTRICT, KAJIADO COUNTY, KENYA

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This study sought to examine the influence of family background on pre-school
children’s performance in English language in Ongata Rongai zone, Kajiado north
district, Kajiado County in Kenya. These were necessitated by the desire to establish
whether family dynamics could be a reason to the bad academic performance in English
Language. Performance will entail the scores in the English Language. The study was
guided by the following objectives; to determine the relationship between the family
structure and the performance of children in English language; to assess how where the
children live affect their performance in English language; to establish the relationship
between the parent’s level of education and the children’s performance in English
language and finally to determine the relationship between the social economic status of
the parents and the children’s performance in English language. The research adopted a
descriptive survey design. This was suitable in this study as it helped the researcher
establish the existing conditions at the family level. It further allowed identification of
standards or norms with which to compare the family background. This eventually
impacts performance in English language. The target population was 1 head teacher,
2teachers and 65 pupils. The purposeful sample consisted of the head teacher, the 2
teachers and 20 pupils. A pilot study was carried out on a different set of respondents to
better plan for the research. The test-retest procedure was used for testing reliability and
it yielded favorable results to warrant reliance on the data collected and its findings.
Qualitative and quantitative data was obtained through questionnaires. This was further
analyzed and presented through narratives, tables and bar graphs. The study revealed that
to improve on the performance of the English language at Ongata Rongai, the family
background challenges have to be tackled. The family structure and the place where the
family lives were identified as major cause of poor performance. They need to put more
resources to improve on the performance. This presents a major challenge because
parents settle in places due to other factors beyond their control and as such to invest a lot
in education is a challenge. It was clear that the  parent’s level of education and their
socio-economic standing play a part in poor performance in English language. The study
recommends that families should in partnerships with teachers and other education
stakeholders, device strategies to help learning and instruction of the English language at
schools but also at home. This will greatly improve performance in English language and
even in other subjects whose language of instruction is English.

Author: 
MOKUA N. J. TRUPHENA
Unit: 
COMMTECH

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